:: PATENT RM2008A299IT-PCT/2008/414
Equatorial Mounting Punctual parabolic concentrator for the transformation of solar energy in Electric or Mechanical energy
C.P.P. System’s characteristics (fig. 2)
It relates to a similar type of equatorial mounting structure – allocated
on a pedestal – interlocked a circular concentric sector for the transport
of the paraboloid from East to West and viceversa.
The paraboloid carries – only on one side – one or more concentric
circular sectors to the paraboloid that slide on guidas – circular arc
shaped – so as to be revolving to the North-South and East West axes of
the concentrator at the speed of 15° and solar declination of +- 23° 27’.
Therefore it’s a simpler structure and like the above said it’s equally
ALL PATENT APPLICATIONS
The above said system (fig.2) - with high concentration punctual parabolic concetrators,
can have a great range of application especially for the sectors where temperatures
from 1000° K are needed, particularly:
TO THERMOELECTRIC SOLAR SYSTEM PRODUCE ELECTRIC POWER:
(Fig. 2) adopting:
THERMOHYDRAULIC (Fig.4) SOLAR SYSTEM FOR THE PRODUCTION
OF ELECTRIC POWER WITH:
- of the hybrid Stirling motor from 2 to 50 Kw el. and over;
- of fuel cells;
- of the "Reformer" for hydrogen production, combined with fuel cells for
the production of electric power.
The Stirling motor works with external heating, and in this particular instance,
it can use as heat sources: solar energy and the energy produced by the combustion
of a gas, so as to assure regular working to the system, either during passing
clouds or after the sunset. The fuel cell is an electrochemical generator
in which hydrogen and oxygen react and continuous electric power, water and
heat are obtained from them.
- adopting: a termohydraulic circuit heater
- Rankine cycle motor the system works all day long because it's fed by alternative
sources, like biomasses, gas and oils. The hot fluid obtained by these systems
is used to move a steam turbine that connected to the generator produces
The fluid - chiefly based of salts - can be stored up to 550°C and used
in the absence of Sun. The afore said system, can also be used for the production
of process heat for the chemical industry.
THERMOSOLAR SYSTEM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN with
the adoption of the "Reformer" (fig. 2). As it is well known the Reformer is
a chemical process with which it's possible to extract and purify hydrocarbon
hydrogen as: methane, methanol and other with modest emission of CO2.
The hydrogen obtained is used in the fuel cells to produce electric power.
C.P.P. can also be used to realize:
ORIENTABLE OPTIC PARABOLOID RADIO THELESCOPE
licensed mechanic structure allows the adoption of any high solution power
diameter, to obtain a better captation of electromagnetic waves coming from
the far off cosmos. Actually the greatest orientable paraboloid altazimutal
mounting is the one in Effelsberg (Germany) with a diameter
of a 100 meters. The planet punctuation occurs by a sophisticated computer
that needs an expensive running.
With the "equatorial mounting" structure proposed it's possible to realize
a 200 meters diameter paraboloid more reliable than the Effelsberg's one
with structure movement by a simple logic control system.
PARABOLIC ANTENNA FOR SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
It's suitable for a "service station by satellite" to satisfy the growing needs
in the telecommunication field.